BPA FREE WATER BOTTLE
Size: 1 Litr
How do I choose the colour?
Due to the nature in which these arrive into our store, we cannot provide individual variences on the website with stock levels.
In comments section of the checkout please write your 1st, 2nd and 3rd colour preference and we will do our best to meet your requirments as best as we can.
Colour's to choose from:
THE WORLD'S SMARTEST SHAKER
SmartShake is a high-quality shaker cup with three compartments to store pills and powders.
It is made from BPA free plastic and is 100% leak-proof.
You can use it every day, store it in the freezer, heat its contents in the microwave and wash up in the dishwasher afterwards. It’s designed for real life.
SmartShake’s unique design is compact, yet light. And thanks to its snap-on strainer, there are no loose parts.
THE ATHLETES SHAKER
Core 150™ has a number of innovative, unique and patent protected advantages which make it stand head and shoulders above other shaker cups on the market. Scroll down to be blown away by this smart revolution in shaker cups!
Three removable compartments for pre/during/post workout intake
Accepting just any supplements is now a thing of the past as Core 150™ allows for you to take your choice of nutrition with you at all times. Three separate compartments allow for you to insert your pre, intra and post workout supplements
Core 150™ can carry 150 grams of powder
Unlike any other Shaker Bottle on the market you can now store 150 grams of powder in your shaker cup, 200 if you include the shake you might have just mixed on the way out the door but who's bragging?
No need to transport powders separately
If, like many of us, you transported your powders around in separate containers in a desperate bid to ensure your nutrition was at hand when you needed it but later discovered you had no scoop to measure out your intake! With core 150 our individual compartments have been strategically designed to deliver 50 grams of powder alleviating any measuring issue that you once might have had.
Not just for powder supplements
Core 150™ can be used to transport more than just supplements. Keep fruits, snacks, vitamins or other dietary edibles on hand for throughout the day.
Volume of liquid
Core 150™ Shaker holds 1 litre of water when centre compartments are removed allowing for a smoother shake when powder is inserted. For maximum on the move convenience Core 150™ ensures three precise 50 gram measurements of your nutrition are at hand exactly when you need them.
The entire centre compartment area of the Core 150™ is fully removable to increase the capacity of your bottle. This helps with mass gain powders which require more fluid than your average shaker cup can hold. The Core 150™ system also ensures maximum hydration during the day and throughout your workout.
Pink & White Endura Drink Bottle
Lose Weight Fast
In a joint scientific collaboration with the top pharmacology, biochemistry and nutraceutical engineering experts in the supplement industry, Dorian Yates Nutrition unleashes BLACK BOMBS – the badass fat burner of bodybuilding. BLACK BOMBS is quite simply the perfect competition–strength fat burner, designed for competitors who put everything on the line to remove fat without losing hard-earned muscle!
In fact, the powerful amphetamine-like compounds found in BLACK BOMBS are proven to obliterate fat by an astonishing 15% while also bombing abdominal fat 2500% more than those not taking it! If your current fat burner has stopped working due to receptor downgrade, it’s time to upgrade to BLACK BOMBS!
Black Bombs is designed for competitive bodybuilders and/or anyone looking to experience the extraordinary energy of Black Bombs.
Mix 1 scoop with cold water and shake well. Drink before exercise or 30-60 minutes before breakfast.
Consume no more than 1 serve per day.
Not suitable for children under 15 years of age, pregnant and lactating woman: Should only be used under medical or dietetic supervision. Not suitable for individuals sensitive to caffeine.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN
METABOLIC BIO SHOCK
Giant Sports developed Metabolic Bioshock -formulated to contain the highest quality, key ingredients in doses validated to be effective per human studies in real people, real athletes just like you –with all ingredients 100% fully disclosed by dose on the label.
• 6.3 Grams of BCAA’s
• 3 Grams of Creatine
• 2 Grams of Carnitine
• 100 Milligrams of “Solubilized
• 18.8 Grams of Amino Acids
• 100% Open Label
• Branded, Top Quality Ingredients
in Clinically Validated Doses
• Aids in Muscle Recovery – Fights
Muscle Soreness and Fatigue
• Increases Aerobic and Anaerobic
• All The Key Nutrients You Need In
Just One Product
• Rapid Onset Focus and Energy
Metabolic Bioshock is the first pre-workout supplement that considers more than just your “muscles and energy” – it considers your entire musculoskeletal system (muscle – bone – joints), hemovascular system (blood vessels and blood nutrient levels) as well as the psychology behind training (intensity, energy, endurance and mental focus) with a potent formulation to provide you with “a psychological edge” to help you train harder, train longer, and train more efficiently than you ever have before.*
Giant Sports’ Metabolic Bioshock is everything you need in a pre-workout supplement to power your mind and your body -all in validated, effective and fully disclosed doses. So if you value your time while training and want to make maximal progress each and every time you do, then you won’t settle for anything less. You will insist on the very best pre-workout supplement possible. You will insist on Metabolic Bioshock.
INSTANTISED WHEY PROTEIN CONCENTRATE
Premium Grade Protein
Think Pure… Eat Natural!
Our Premium Grade Instantized Whey Protein Concentrate is extracted from grass fed Australian cows, using a number of low-heat filtration systems we are able to retain the amazing nutritional properties it holds such as it's excellent Amino Acids (protein) profile, and also it's Immune boosting qualities such as Lactoferrin.
If you're looking for a everyday pure protein to add to our smoothie this is a top choice!
THERE'S ABSOLUTELY NO NASTY ADDITIVES IN OUR WPC!
Undenatured, Low Fat, Low Carbohydrate, Low G.I, Halal & Kosher, Immune boosting, Rich in Amino Acids, Instantized for easy mixing.
Shake, blend or stir 30g (2 heaped tablespoons) of Whey protein into 200-300ml of your favourite beverage and enjoy! Consume 1-3 servings daily, depending on your daily dietary requirements as advised by your health care professional.
Ultrafiltered Whey Protein Concentrate (Instantized), Soy Lecithin (0.2% of total product which is used in the instantization process to make the product mix well in liquids)
Contains milk and dairy products. May contain traces of soy.
Manufactured and packed in Australia.
Eco by Sonya Coconut Body Milk Moisturiser
legal supplementation for serious lifters
Animal Test™ is hypertrophic pro-testosterone supplementation that combines powerful extracts with one of the most potent, effective and studied compounds in the industry. It is legal supplementation for serious lifters.
Animal Test is the ultimate in legal hypertrophic, pro-testosterone supplementation. Combining the most potent natural extracts with one of the hottest, patented, proven supplements to hit the industry in recent years, the all new Animal Test redefines the capabilities of over-the-counter bodybuilding supplementation.
The Pro-Androgen portion of the Animal Test formula couples dynamic herbal extracts designed to facilitate a rise in free and total testosterone with effective anti-estrogen compounds capable of maximizing the natural anabolic response. Translation? Explosive gains in strength and size. This complex includes the revered free test potentiator 3-4 divanillyl tetrahydrofuran. Divanillyl is a lignan extracted from stinging nettle best known to inhibit sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). In high enough dosages, like the one contained in Animal Test, Divanillyl allows for the enhanced activation of free testosterone which promotes gains in strength and size as well as improved focus, recovery and gym performance.
Animal Test is also loaded with anabolic ketosterones extracted from Cissus Quadrangularis—another exciting new bodybuilding ingredient. These ketosterones have been revered for promoting anabolism, boosting recovery and staving off the production of catabolic stress hormones. Beyond these obvious muscle and strength building properties, cissus has also been touted as a potent antioxidant capable of improving joint and ligament health, a side benefit worth noting for individuals making dramatic gains in size and strength over a short period of time.
Lastly, yohimbe extract rounds out the Animal Test Pro-Androgen Complex. Yohimbe bark extract has been shown to increase fatty acid mobilization from fat stores via increased noradrenaline (norepinephrine) levels and provides a strong boost in stamina. Designed to enable physique recomposition and to support a healthy libido, yohimbe extract can aid in ensuring the development of lean, hard mass.
In order to capitalize on the blast of utilizable testosterone provided by these pro-androgen ingredients, Animal Test comes fully equipped with a combination of cutting edge anti-estrogens. First among these is the ultra antioxidant Trans Resveratrol. Trans-Resveratrol acts like a shield. It binds to the estrogen receptor and works to block circulating estrogen hormones from ever hitting the target receptor, thus inhibiting unwanted estrogens from reaching the hormone receptor.
Trans Resveratrol is fortified by hearty dosages of other proven anti-estrogens, namely, 3’,5,7-Trihydroxy-4’-Methoxyflavone (Hesperetin) and Agaricus Bisporus polysaccharides. Agaricus Bisporus is an extract of the white button mushroom. These polysaccharides have been shown to act upon the aromatase enzyme via multiple pathways so as to cripple any estrogenic response to a new abundance of free circulating testosterone. Hesperitin appears to work by inhibiting the aromatase enzyme, thus reducing excess testosterone to estrogen conversion and allowing more of the desired testosterone to be available for the receptors.
In summary, these constituents work to block circulating estrogen from reaching receptors as well as negating the inevitable estrogen boost brought about by excessive testosterone production, thus directly and indirectly promoting a higher ratio of circulating serum testosterone. Both components of the Pro-Androgen complex are assured for utmost efficiency and uptake through the inclusion of 6’,7’-Dihydroxybergamottin and patented Bioperine—the very best absorption-enhancing ingredients available today.
The final and perhaps the most dramatically powerful element of the new Animal Test formula is the inclusion of the highly heralded, proven and patented hypertrophic agent, Arachidonic Acid (AA). Backed by university research studies and real world testimonials, AA has taken the bodybuilding world by storm—and for good reason.
Arachidonic Acid has multiple benefits for the hard training bodybuilder, the most dramatic of which are the ability for it to enhance androgen receptor sensitivity and to amplify training related muscle inflammation and in turn magnify hypertrophy. AA is an essential fatty acid that sits at the very core of the body’s physiological response to weight training.
When lifting weights, muscle fibers are damaged and AA is released. Its release alters local chemistry, which causes a shift that favors anabolism. The general anabolic cascade begins with the release of AA and is greatly amplified in the presence of more AA. This translates into more androgen receptors (increasing testosterone sensitivity), heightened IGF-1 signaling, greater vasodilation and even enhanced lipolysis. The availability of AA appears to dictate how strongly this anabolic cascade will be stimulated with training.
The more AA you have in your muscle tissue, the easier it is to liberate and trigger growth. This status as an anabolic catalyst made it the perfect backbone for this new Animal formula as it provides muscle building qualities by itself as it augments the actions of the other extremely powerful ingredients that together comprise Animal Test.
With a storied past and a world of potential for future gains, Animal Test reemerges. Combining premium, cutting edge compounds with patented proven ingredients, Animal Test returns as the most powerful product in the Animal line. Not for the faint of heart, Test is the answer for the dyed in the wool power athlete looking to make explosive gains by natural means.
Advanced level bodybuilders and power athletes looking to maximize gains in strength and lean mass.
Take one pack daily with food. On training days take one pack along with the meal prior to your workout. Animal Test works ideally when in conjunction with intense training and an increase in quality calories and protein. Also, be sure to prioritize proper hydration during an Animal Test cycle. For best results use for two consecutive cycles--a total of 42 days. Afterwards take 4 weeks off. During this time, Animal M-Stak is recommended to preserve lean mass gains.
Animal Test may be stacked with Pak. Test can also be used in conjunction with Animal Pump to optimize gym performance or with Animal Stak in order to fully maximize hormone output. Cycle off of Test with Animal M-Stak in order to maintain mass gains.
Ajayi AA, Newaz M, Hercule H, Saleh M, Bode CO, Oyekan AO. Endothelin-like action of Pausinystalia yohimbe aqueous extract on vascular and renal regional hemodynamics in Sprague Dawley rats. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2003 Dec;25(10):817-22.
Andersson et al. Effects of physical exercise on phospholipid fatty acid composition in skeletal muscle. Am. J. Physiol. 274 (Endocrinol. Metab. 37):E432-38 1998.
Baiba J Grube et al. White Button Mushroom Phytochemicals Inhibit Aromatase Activity and Breast Cancer Cell Proliferation. Journal of Nutrition. 2001;131:3288-3293.
Chen S, Oh SR, Phung S, Hur G, Ye JJ, Kwok SL, Shrode GE, Belury M, Adams LS, Williams D. Anti-aromatase activity of phytochemicals in white button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus). Cancer Res. 2006 Dec 15;66(24):12026-34.
Cho J. Antioxidant and neuroprotective effects of hesperidin and its aglycone hesperetin. Arch Pharm Res. 2006 Aug;29(8):699-706.
Chrubasik JE, Roufogalis BD, Wagner H, Chrubasik S. A comprehensive review on the stinging nettle effect and efficacy profiles. Part II: urticae radix.
Phytomedicine. 2007 Aug;14(7-8):568-79. Epub 2007 May 16. Review.
Eng ET, Williams D, Mandava U, Kirma N, Tekmal RR, Chen S. Anti-aromatase chemicals in red wine. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Jun;963:239-46.
Eng ET, Williams D, Mandava U, Kirma N, Tekmal RR, Chen S. Suppression of aromatase (estrogen synthetase) by red wine phytochemicals. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2001 May;67(2):133-46.
Grube BJ, Eng ET, Kao YC, Kwon A, Chen S. White button mushroom phytochemicals inhibit aromatase activity and breast cancer cell proliferation._J Nutr. 2001 Dec;131(12):3288-93.
Helge et al. Regular exercise modulates muscle membrane phospholipid profile in rats. J. Nutr. 1999 129:1636-42.
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 3 (1)S1-S29, 2006.
Hryb DJ, Khan MS, Romas NA, Rosner W. The effect of extracts of the roots of the stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) on the interaction of SHBG with its receptor on human prostatic membranes. Planta Med. 1995 Feb;61(1):31-2.
Kellis, J.T., Jr., and Vickery, L.E. (1984). Inhibition of human estrogen synthetase (aromatase) by flavones. Science 225, 1032-1034
Palmer, Reeds et al. The influence of changes in tension on protein synthesis and prostaglandin release in isolated rabbit muscles. Biochem J. 1983 214,1011-14.
Palmer, Wahle. Protein synthesis and degradation in isolated muscle. Effect of n3 and n6 fatty acids. Biochem J. 1987 242, 615-18.
Pelissero, C., Lenczowski, M.J., Chinzi, D., Davail-Cuisset, B., Sumpter, J.P., and Fostier, A. (1996). Effects of flavonoids on aromatase activity, an in vitro study. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 57, 215-223.
Pittler MH. Yohimbine in therapy of erectile dysfunction. Fortschr Med. 1998 Jan 20;116(1-2):32-3. Review. German.
Riley AJ. Yohimbine in the treatment of erectile disorder. Br J Clin Pract. 1994 May-Jun;48(3):133-6. Review.
Sanderson, J.T., Hordijk, J., Denison, M.S., Springsteel, M.F., Nantz, M.H., and van den Ber, M. (2004). Induction and inhibition of aromatase (CYP10) activity by natural and synthetic flavonoids compounds in H295R human adrenocortical carcinoma cells. Toxicol. Sci. 82, 70-79.
Smith, Palmer et al. Protein synthesis in isolated forelimb muscles. The possible role of metabolites of arachidonic acid in the response to intermittent stretching. Biochem J. 1983 214,153-61.
Wu D, Pae M, Ren Z, Guo Z, Smith D, Meydani SN. Dietary supplementation with white button mushroom enhances natural killer cell activity in C57BL/6 mice. J Nutr. 2007 Jun;137(6):1472-7.
Zand, R.S., Jenkins, D.J., and Diamapdis, E.P. (2000). Steroid hormone activity of flavonoids and related compounds. Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 62, 35-49.
ORGANIC FRENCH STYLE GREEN LENTILS
Organic french style green lentils are different to most other lentils as they hold they shape well once cooked. They are a tiny, lens shaped seed of a small shrub. They are about 1/2cm wide and have a mild earthy flavour.
How To Use
They are quick cooking taking only about 20-30mins. They are an obvious choice for winter soups, salads, curries, pilafs, stuffing and stir-fries. Mix with breadcrumbs and use to stuff peppers or eggplant. Pop over to the “how to cook legumes” in our learn section to find the best method of preparing and cooking these organic french style green lentils.
Organic french style green whole lentils
Serving Size: 50g
Av per 100g
Energy (kj): 1260
Protein (g): 23.7
Carbohydrate (g): 35.8
Sugars (g): 2.8
Fat Total (g): 1.7
Fat Saturated (g): 0.2
Sodium (mg): 5
Fibre (g): 23
Prebiotic Intestinal Support
Nourishes Friendly Bacteria*
Very Low Glycemic Index*
Inulin, a fructooligosaccharide (FOS), is a soluble prebiotic fiber that is resistant to digestion and reaches the large intestine essentially intact.* Intestinal probiotic bacteria consume Inulin and in turn, produce the short-chain fatty acids that nourish the cells lining the colon.* Inulin thus helps to maintain intestinal health and function.* Inulin has a pleasant flavor that adds a mild sweetness to foods and drinks, but has a very low glycemic index and will not negatively impact serum glucose levels.
Serving Size: 1 Level Teaspoon (2.8g)
Amount per Serving % Daily Value
* Percent Daily Values are based on 2,000 calorie diet.
† Daily Value not established.
Total Carbohydrate 2.7 g 1%*
Dietary Fiber 2.5 g 10%*
Organic Inulin (FOS) 2.8 g †
None (Pure Powder).
Contains no: salt, starch, yeast, wheat, gluten, corn, soy, milk, egg, shellfish or preservatives. Vegetarian/Vegan Product.
Do Not Eat Freshness Packet Enclosed.
Certified Organic by Quality Assurance International.
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
SUGGESTED USAGE & STORAGE
Take 1 level teaspoon 1 to 3 times daily. Mix into your favorite beverage or food. Begin with 1 teaspoon a day and slowly increase dosage to limit GI discomfort.
For adults only. May cause mild transient GI discomfort. Consult physician if pregnant/nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition. Keep out of reach of children.
Do not eat freshness packet enclosed.
Joint formula - cherrry juice concentrate
Cherries have been prized for centuries for their taste and good nutritional value. In recent years scientists have shown that cherries are more than just food.
Rich in dark colour pigments, known as anthocyanins, cherries have substantially strong antioxidant properties. These pigments, as recent studies show, play an important role in human health and performance.
Anthocyanin compounds in cherries are potent antioxidants, which are vital ingredients in human nutrition.
Nature’s Goodness Australia Cherry Juice Concentrate also contains Anthocyanin Complex - a blend of anthocyanin-rich Australian fruits including wild rosella, Davidson plum, Illawarra Plum, and Mountain Pepper.
Store Cherry Juice Joint Formula below 30 pC. Shake well before use. Keep Cherry Juice refrigerated after opening. Best consumed within 30 days of opening.
Serving Suggestion :
Dilute Cherry Juice with an equal amount of water. Use 60 - 100mL or as required.
Tart cherry puree (45%), sweet cherry puree (45%), cherry juice concentrate (10%), anthocyanin complex concentrate (0.5%) (Wild Rosella, Davidson Plum, Rainforest Lime, Illawarra plum, Kakadu plum, native pepper berry), preservatives (202, 211), food acids (330, 334).
No added sugar, yeast, gluten, salt, artificial colours or flavours.
ATTACK PRE- WORKOUT AMLIFIER
Kodiak named our pre-workout Attack for good reason…it will have you hitting the iron with full intensity from the minute you step in the gym until you pump out your last rep. This isn’t your run of the mill pre-workout that over promises and under delivers. When we say Attack will give you intense energy, skin splitting pumps, and razor sharp focus WE MEAN IT. After all the proof is in the pudding. Take a close look at Attack’s label and you will find research validated, time tested ergogenic aids dosed at clinical levels combined with cutting edge compounds that will give the term total domination a whole new meaning. From top to bottom Attack is the most advanced, hardest hitting pre-workout packed with only the best ingredients such as:
• Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine – A nootropic compound that converts to both choline and cytidine upon ingestion which leads to improved focus and cognition.
• Caffeine Complex – Caffeine is one of the most clinically-supported ergogenic aids. Improves energy, focus, and power all without the typical caffeine crash
• Beta-Alanine ¬– Buffers blood acids to squeeze out more reps for better pumps and huge gains.
• Citrulline Malate – A dual-threat: Provides huge boosts to training volume with the metabolic intermediate malate and stimulates nitric oxide production with citrulline.
• L-Ornithine – Shown to decrease ammonia concentrations in the blood ultimately allowing you to exercise harder for longer.
We don’t need to tell you that a pre-workout can make or break your training session. Furthermore, nothing is more disappointing then spending your hard earned money on a product built on hype that doesn’t work. With Kodiak Attack you get everything you need to give you a pre-training advantage and nothing you don’t. Research backed, synergistic ingredients. Efficacious dosing. Innovative compounds. Attack is a game changer that will boost your workout performance and help you push your limits further than you have before.
ATTACK PERFORMANCE COMPLEX
Beta Alanine is an amino acid that is used to enhance muscular endurance. Reports of increased rep range are common. Also, the benefit is highly noticeable in moderate to high intensity cardio.
Beta-Alanine’s effectiveness comes through boosting the synthesis of carnosine. Carnosine acts as an intra muscular buffer to keep the pH from dipping too low during a workout. To keep muscular strength through a workout, you need to have your pH levels optimal. If they drop too low, you have significantly less strength and fatigue quicker.
Beta-Alinine synthesizes to carnosine which helps keep your pH levels in check by absorbing positive hydrogen molecules (H+) that are produced during periods of heavy exercise. By absorbing the H+ produced by strenuous exercise, your muscular pH levels are kept at an optimal level which will allow you to train harder and longer!
A recent meta-analysis confirmed the ergogenic effect of beta-alanine, showing a 2.85% increase in exercise performance compared to placebo when dosed at ~2/grams daily.
L-Tyrosine helps to activate metabolic pathways that produce the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine – which are typically produced during moments of stress on the body and provide a boost in the terms of a “fight or flight” scenario.
Epinephrine and norepinephrine are depleted quickly during these moments of stress due to a lack of L-Tyronsine.
The addition of this amino acid to Attack will help give you an extra PUSH and can make a big difference to help you FIGHT through your workouts and plateaus.
Hoffman et al. (2010) research results indicate that acute ingestion of supplement including L-tyrosine and anhydrous caffeine, can maintain reaction time, and subjective feelings of focus and alertness to both visual and auditory stimuli in healthy college students following exhaustive exercise.
Caffeine Complex (Caffeine Anhydrous, DiCaffeine Malate):
This blend of caffeine helps to provide effectively dosed stimulation for your training and not keep you up all night long.
It is also formulated to help fight that horrible crash you might experience with stimulated laden pre-workouts.
Multiple studies have confirmed can improve muscular endurance and power, focus and cognitive performance, and improve energy levels. Caffeine has also been shown to have a thermogenic effect (heating/calorie burning) at rest and may increase the use of fats for fuel during exercise.
Doherty and Smith performed a meta-analysis of caffeine’s effects on perceived exertion and found a 5.6% decrease in RPE (rating of perceived exhertion) during exercise. This means exercise may feel easier at higher effort levels when supplementing with caffeine.
Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine is a nootropic compound that converts to both choline and cytidine upon ingestion.
It helps to increase memory and cognitive function.
Studies have shown that it can also help increase attention.
McGlade et al. (2012) discovered women who supplemented with Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine for 28 days were able to significantly improve attention focus and attention inhibition compared to placebo.
Huperizine A is a selective inhibitor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which means it prevents the breakdown and increases the amount of acetylcholine; an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system involved in cognition and muscular contractions.
Multiple studies have shown that supplementation with Huperzine-A can enhance focus, memory and mood.
A study conducted by Sun et al. (1999) reported that subjects who supplemented with Huperzine A for 4 weeks improved learning performance and memory compared to a placebo group.
ATTACK VASODILATION COMPLEX
Citrulline Malate is a non-essential amino acid that eventually converts to nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is a vasodilator that can help to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow to both organs and muscles.
Studies have shown that Citrulline Malate enhances exercise tolerance by reducing levels of blood ammonia and lactate that are typically elevated during strenuous exercise.
This ingredient will allow you to train with less rest in between sets and elevate your endurance capacity.
A recent research study found individuals who consumed citrulline malate for 15 days were able to increase ATP production during exercise by 34% and improve phospho-creatine resynthesis after exercise by 20%.
Arginine is a semi-essential amino acid and is a chemical precursor to nitric oxide (a blood vessel-widening agent).
When Arginine enters the body it stimulates nitric oxide pathways. This process vasodilates (enlarges) blood vessels and helps deliver more of the much needed oxygen rich blood and nutrients to working muscles in order to achieve the pump and ultimately muscle growth.
Arginine also triggers the body to make protein and has been studied for healing wounds, bodybuilding, and preventing tissue degradation in people with critical illnesses.
A 2010 study conducted by Bailey et al. discovered supplemental arginine for 3 days was able to enhance nitric oxide production and decrease oxygen consumption (7%) while improving time to exhaustion by 25% in otherwise healthy men.
Ornithine when bound by salt at the molecular level to Orotate (orotic acid) is much more bio-available than in its HCL or free form.
Ornithine Works in synergy with Arginine in the metabolism of waste caused by intense exercise.
By increasing Nitric Oxide production and decreasing waste – you are able to train longer and support greater results.
A 2008 study conducted by Sugino et al. discovered supplementation with ornithine was able to reduce perceptions of fatigue to 52% of placebo on a prolonged endurance test and was able to reduce ammonia accrual during exercise.
Beta Vulgaris, also known as the common beet, has been shown to significantly reduce blood pressure. With this ingredient in Attack, you can get a pump while lowering your blood pressure!
Beet has also been shown to lower the oxygen cost of exercise and improve exercise tolerance.
Lansley et al. (2011) found beet supplementation resulted an in mean power increase of 5%. Other studies have also shown supplementation with beet can improve time trial performance by 3-15%.
While not illegal, some of the ingredients found in this product could lead to a false positive drug test and may also be banned by WADA or other professional organizations such as the NCAA. If you are a professional, college, or amateur athlete whose given sports conduct in and out of competition random drug screens is it highly recommended you check with the appropriate person before taking this product.