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While BCAA's (Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine) are essential…regular free-form BCAA's are missing critical co-factors to make BCAA metabolism effective. TRI-PEP "peptide-bonded" BCAA contains the correct ratio of these critical metabolic co-factors in its unique chemical structure to provide greater absorption & bioavailability…thus, increasing blood plasma amino concentrations, which result in greater muscle BCAA saturation.
Once absorbed in the blood-stream, TRI-PEP "peptide-bonded" BCAA elevate muscle glycogen levels and inhibit lactic acid buildup, allowing for significantly greater endurance while preventing lean muscle tissue breakdown.
TRI-PEP additionally supports improved protein synthesis, nitric oxide production, growth hormone levels and IGF-1 release…to preserve and enhance lean muscle.
TRI-PEP also differs from regular and instantized BCAA's which have a reputation of mixing poorly and bitter-chemical aftertaste. TRI-PEP "peptide-bonded" BCAA exclusive HYDRA-SORB™ process…mixes easily and provides a great flavor profile when mixed in water or your favorite beverage.
TRI-PEP "peptide-bonded" BCAA provides superior physical stamina, endurance, and muscle recovery…all in an easy mixing & great tasting BCAA, that makes it a critical supplement in any athlete's workout.
As part of a Weight Lifting regimen, stir 1 to 3 scoops into 12 to 36 oz of water and consume before, during and after your workout.
As part of a Crossfit Training regimen, stir 1 scoop into 12 oz of water and consume during workout and repeat dosage immediately after training. Depending on intensity and duration of workout, you may consume up to 3 scoops w/ 36 oz of water during extended competition.
As part of an Endurance Training regimen, stir 2 scoops into 24 oz of water and sip throughout entire workout.
As part of a Weight Loss regimen or for Bariatric patients to preserve "lean" muscle mass, stir 1 scoop into 12 oz of water and drink immediately before your first meal of the day. For strict dieting, add one dosage at night before bedtime.
On Non-Training Days, to further speed recovery and preserve muscle mass, take 1 scoop with 12 oz of water in the AM and PM. Additionally, for added physical endurance, muscular pumps, and increased strength, add 1 serving of TRI-PEP BCAA to CGP, TAG or to any pre-workout supplement or other Metabolic Nutrition product to further enhance desired results.
Caution: Do not exceed recommended dose. Not intended for use by persons under the age of 18, those with a medical condition, or those with a history of kidney disease. Do not use if pregnant or lactating. If you are under the care of a physician, please contact your physician before using this product.
Allergen warning: Manufactured in a plant that also processes egg, soy, peanut, tree nut, fish, crustaceans/shellfish, and wheat products.
Since the dawn of time, man has feasted on the raw power of the beast to fuel his primordial need for mass, strength, and power. Times change, but man’s relationship with beef endures. After much exhaustive research, Ultimate Nutrition® has engineered the future of meat-based sports supplementation:
CarneBOLIC™. Filtered from premium gelatinized beef hydrolysate, each 28-gram serving of CarneBOLIC™ delivers 24 grams of unapologetic, no-guts-no-glory beef protein so that you to get as much out of your workouts as you put in. If you want the bull, but without the BS, get your paws on CarneBOLIC™ and make it part of your daily training regimen!
Pound-for-Pound, Features Over 3 1/2 Times as Much Protein as Raw Red Meat
86% Protein Concentration
Zero Fat, Carbs, or Sugar
Gluten and Lactose Free with only 100 Calories per Serving!
Spirulina was originally discovered growing naturally on unpolluted alkaline lakes in Central Africa and Mexico where it was integrated into the diet of the mighty Aztec empire. Today Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is grown in large cultivated ponds in various tropical high sunshine areas around the world. The best producers use certified organic, plant-derived food, and ecologically sensitive practices for growing spirulina.
Synergy Spirulina is produced by the world’s first and largest producer of Spirulina. Extensive research and development over twenty years has resulted in a Spirulina with the highest levels of all nutrients.
It is grown ecologically without pesticides or herbicides and carefully dried in a few seconds preserving full nutritional value without any chemical additives. With Synergy on the label, you can be sure you are getting the finest, purest, most potent Spirulina available.
WHAT IS SPIRULINA?
Spirulina is the Richest Whole Food Source Found in Nature
• A highly nutritious, microscopic freshwater plant.
• The superfood with over 100 nutrients, more than any other plant, grain or herb.
• Widely used as a food supplement for maintaining health, energy, weight loss and cleansing programs.
• Protein - 60-70% of its weight. 300% more protein than fish, meat or poultry, with no cholesterol.
• Iron - 58x richer than spinach in bio-available iron.
• Vitamin B12 - Natures richest source. Often lacking in a vegetarian diet.
• Chlorophyll - 2x richer than barley grass or wheatgrass.
• Anti-oxidants - 25x richer in beta-carotene than carrot and 3x richer in Vitamin E than wheatgerm.
• Spirulina assists weight loss by curbing appetite naturally while supplying a full range of nutrients needed for a balanced diet.
• As an unrefined wholefood, spirulina is absorbed up to x16 more effectively than synthetic multi-vitamin and mineral supplements.
ORGANIC ALMOND MEAL
Organic almond meal natural is a staple in a lot of pantries and it is a popular item in our range. Almonds provide a natural source of protein, dietary fibre and vitamin E. It is a great substitute for gluten containing flours.
How To Use
Sometimes called almond flour, it is commonly used as an ingredient in cooking including cakes and biscuits as it is a great substitute for grain flours and can also be added to smoothies.
Growing and Processing
Once the almonds have been harvested, they are simply ground into a meal and packaged. They have a creamy and speckled colour as the husks or skins have not been removed prior to the grounding. They have not been blanched prior to being ground into meal, so this meal is referred to as natural. No preservatives or additives are combined with the almond meal, it’s just almonds!
Ingredients: Organic almonds
Serving Size: 25g
Av per 100g
Energy (kj): 2508
Protein (g): 19.5
Carbohydrate (g): 4.8
Sugars (g): 4.8
Fat Total (g): 54.7
Fat Saturated (g): 3.7
Sodium (mg): 5
Fibre (g): 8.8
advanced and complete
You want cuts? You want that grainy, etched look? Then you need something to take care of both the fat and the water. When you need to look dry and hard, there's only one Animal Cuts.
Animal Cuts. Since nearly a decade ago when Schak wiped his mighty brow in the iconic "Cardio Sucks" ad, the most hard of the hardcore have depended on Animal Cuts when being lean alone simply wouldn't suffice. The earliest of editions to the Animal line, Cuts did for your typical fat burners what Pak once did for multivitamins—rendered all others obsolete.
Designed specifically with the needs of advanced bodybuilders in mind, Cuts was formulated to produce dramatic changes in an athlete's physique in a brief period of time. To get ripped, shredded, peeled… That was what the Cuts user demanded and that is precisely what they got. That was then and this is now, and though so much has changed, some things always remain the same. Where the supplement advancements of 2009 meet the original Animal ethos, you'll find the brand new formula of Animal Cuts.
The new Cuts formula is advanced and complete, including ingredients designed to stimulate metabolism and thermogenesis, training focus and diuresis, muscle preservation and thyroid function as well as providing added energy and suppressing appetite. In this way the Cuts formula is everything the dieting iron athlete needs, totally comprehensive—the supplement bottom line when it comes to displaying the hard muscularity you seek. It is up to you to supply the desire, to stay on your diet and eat clean, to bring it in the gym and on the treadmill. You put in the hard work and Cuts will take care of the rest.
Though it seems impossible to top the results reported by the legions of Cuts loyalists over the years; those that have long regarded Animal Cuts as their secret weapon in the fight against bodyfat, that was exactly the intent from the get-go for the brothers behind the scenes at Animal. It was a tough task, but tough is the only way Animal knows. The higher our standards, the better our products, the more legit your results. Cuz at the end of the day, just like us, results are all you give a fuck about anyway.
With Animal Cuts you get an all-inclusive product. Think of it as one-stop-shopping, everything-you-need-in-a-single-pack. Talk about convenience. You don't have to think about anything, just pop a pack and right down the hatch. It ain't your conventional fat burner. This new Animal Cuts formula maintains the spirit of the old—comprehensive and complete fat shredding power, just taken up to the next level. Unlike most conventional "fat burners" out there, Animal Cuts is more than just a thermogenic. It is a complete and comprehensive fat shredding formula that targets fat loss from multiple angles. Each convenient pack now delivers over 40 active ingredients. Every day, for 21 consecutive days, you'll get nearly 8,500 milligrams of pure fat shredding power to kick start your cutting goals.
The new Animal Cuts formula is made up of eight distinct components which we'll break down in more detail below: (1) thermogenic complex; (2) metabolic complex; (3) thyroid complex; (4) diuretic complex; (5) nootropiccomplex; (6) cortisol inhibiting complex; (7) CCK inhibiting complex; and (8) our special bioavailability complex. Clearly, Cuts is complete from top to bottom.
As a thermogenic, Animal Cuts is extremely powerful. Thermogenesis is the "burning" of calories from stored bodyfat. This in turn increases body temperature and provide a source of utilizable energy to the body. Animal Cuts includes potent thermogenics. You get pure caffeine anhydrous, methylxanthine-rich herbs—kola nut, guarana, yerba mate, as well as raspberry ketones, coleus forskohlii and evodiamine. The ingredients in the thermogenic complex help boost the body's natural ability to burn stored body fat via thermogenesis and even better, Animal Cuts is lean mass-sparing. On a side note, the new Cuts has a special. Like its brothers, Animal Pump and Animal M-Stak, you can now easily remove the thermogenic complex. Just remove the single red capsule. You'd be surprised how often we got this question in the past...
From a metabolic point of view, Animal Cuts, is stacked with only the most potent tea extracts. From green tea extract to oolong tea extract to white tea extract to black tea extract, it's all covered here. These concentrated tea extracts have all been standardized for their potent polyphenol content, including EGCG as well as various other powerful catechins that work synergistically to raise your body's core metabolism. An increase in core metabolism means an increase in the rate at which your body converts food that is eaten into energy. In short, a faster metabolism equates to less food being stored as bodyfat. Coffee bean extract is also added for its potent polypehol, content which includes the metabolic boosters—caffeic and chlorogenic acid. Such factors can be the difference in giving your metabolism the kickstart it needs to begin really processing bodyfat.
When it comes to shedding excess water weight, the kind that gives your body a soft, puffy look, Animal Cuts is extremely efficient. With 800mg of active ingredients including dandelion root (taraxacum) and uva ursi (arbutin, methyarbutin), hydrangea root, celery seed and juniper berry. Animal Cuts works alongside the thermogenics and metabolic boosters to give you a completely shredded, razor-sharp look. The problem synthetic diuretics is that they often deplete the body of key electrolytes, including potassium. When this happens, your muscles lose their pump and size. The diuretic complex in Animal Cuts contains potassium-sparing herbs, thus allowing you to preserve muscular fullness. For whatever reason, if you need or want to remove the diuretic complex, just remove the two blue capsules. How sweet is that?
Dieting can also increase the release of the unwanted stress hormone, cortisol in the body. High levels of cortisol can wreck havoc on natural hormone production and eat away at lean muscle tissue. This is the opposite of what hard training athletes and bodybuilders desire, especially when the body is already in a depleted state from reduced caloric intake. Animal Cuts has a specialized cortisol-inhibiting complex which is designed to decrease cortisol production, allowing your body to stay in a more positive anabolic environment, ideal for lean mass preservation while your fat is getting shredded.
Finally, three additional components round out Animal Cuts potent formula. The first of these is a nootropic complex which contains important brain boosting ingredients like DMAE, beta-phenylethylamine and bacopa monniera. They are purported to work to maintain proper brain chemistry and also allow for better focus and increased alertness during the workout. Another benefit of nootropics is increased oxygen supply to the brain and the increase of neurotransmitter output and neuromuscular performance.
The second of Animal Cut's final components are CCK Boosters, aka appetite suppressors. Animal Cuts contains herbs like joboba seed and cha-de-bugre which are known to help cut down on sugar and carb cravings, something that every dieting bodybuilding experiences to one degree cone contest prep time. It is clearly easier to keep it clean when the munchies are held at bay.
Animal Cuts is then rounded out by a special bioavailability complex. Ingredients like the patented Bioperine®, ginger root, 6,7-Dihydroxybergamottin, as well as a few citrus bioflavonoid extracts work to ensure that you get the all of the potent fat shredding components of Animal Cuts into your system at a proficient rate. Cuz with ingredients like the new Cuts formula, you don't want to miss a milligram.
Ripped, shredded, peeled… You know the deal. When it comes to really getting lean, when contest shape is in your sights, look to Animal Cuts. The strict dieting, calorie-crunching, ball-busting battles with the weights and beating up the treadmill for miles a day are the necessary evils of attaining the condition you so desire and that, well, that simply can't be bought in a can. But if you have the balls to step up and are willing to pay your dues, like always, we've got your back. Animal meets your hunger half way with the all-new, more powerful, reformulated Animal Cuts, designed to be the difference maker. Cuts is the final element between just being jacked and being Animal—between merely being defined and being ripped, being shredded, being peeled.
• Extreme definition & vascularity
• Athletes who hold excess water
• Max striations and cuts
Two packs per day, every day for 3 consecutive weeks on both training and non-training days.
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Stack Animal Cuts with Animal Pak for optimal results. During a pre-contest dieting phase, you can add Animal Stak, Animal Test or Animal M-Stak to the mix to maximize muscle gains and conditioning.
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•Ashihara H, Sano H, Crozier A (February 2008). "Caffeine and related purine alkaloids: biosynthesis, catabolism, function and genetic engineering". Phytochemistry 69 (4): 841–56.
•Ashok D.B, et al. Current Status of Herbal Drugs in India: An Overview. J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2007 July; 41(1): 1–11.
•Belza A, Toubro S, Astrup A. The effect of caffeine, green tea and tyrosine on thermogenesis and energy intake. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007
•Briante et al. Olea europaea L. leaf extract and derivatives: antioxidant properties, 2002.
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•Chow HH, Cai Y, Hakim IA, et al. Pharmacokinetics and safety of green tea polyphenols after multiple-dose administration of epigallocatechin gallate and polyphenon E in healthy individuals. Clin Cancer Res. 2003;9(9):3312-3319.
•Dr. Stevenson, L,. et al. In vitro Biological Activities of Pure Olive Leaf Extract & High Strength Olive Leaf Extract, 2006.
•Dulloo AG. Efficacy of green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 1999;70:1040-1045.
•Dulloo AG, et al. Green tea and thermogenesis: interactions between catechin-polyphenols, caffeine and sympathetic activity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord (in press).
•Dulloo AG, et al. Tealine and thermogenesis: interactions between polyphenols, caffeine and sympathetic activity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1996;20:71.
•Filip R, Lopez P, Giberti G, Coussio J, Ferraro G. "Phenolic compounds in seven South American Ilex species." Fitoterapia. 2001 Nov;72(7):774-8.
•Graham HN. Green tea composition, consumption, and polyphenol chemistry. Prev Med. 1992;21(3):334-350.
•Higdon JV, Frei B. Tea catechins and polyphenols: health effects, metabolism, and antioxidant functions. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2003;43(1):89-143.
•Kovacs EM, Lejeune MP, Nijs I, Westerterp-Plantenga MS. Effects of green tea on weight maintenance after body-weight loss. Br J Nutr Mar 1, 2004;91(3):431-437.
•Lakenbrink C, Lapczynski S, Maiwald B, Engelhardt UH. Flavonoids and other polyphenols in consumer brews of tea and other caffeinated beverages. J Agric Food Chem. 2000;48(7):2848-2852.
•Manach C, Scalbert A, Morand C, Remesy C, Jimenez L. Polyphenols: food sources and bioavailability. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;79(5):727-747
•Mate, The Review of Natural Products, February 1997. Facts and Comparisons Group.
•Morimoto C, Satoh Y, Hara M, Inoue S, Tsujita T, Okuda H (2005). "Anti-obese action of raspberry ketone". Life Sci. 77 (2): 194–204
•Nagao T, Komine Y, Soga S, et al. Ingestion of a tea rich in catechins leads to a reduction in body fat and malondialdehyde-modified LDL in men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;81(1):122-129.
•Nagao T, Hase T, Tokimitsu I. A green tea extract high in catechins reduces body fat and cardiovascular risks in humans. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007;15(6):1473-83.
•Pasquale, D., "A Controlled Double-Blind Clinical Trial of Mate for Subjects on a Low-Calorie Diet," Clinica Dietologica 18 (1991): 27-38.
•Pinelli et al. Quali-quantitative analysis and antioxidant activity of different polyphenolic extracts from Olea europea L. leaves, 2000.
•Rumpler W, Seale J, Clevidence B, et al. Oolong tea increases metabolic rate and fat oxidation in men. J Nutr. 2001;131(11):2848-2852.
•Söhle J, et al. White Tea extract induces lipolytic activity and inhibits adipogenesis in human subcutaneous (pre)-adipocytes. Nutr Metab (Lond) 2009, 6:20Trevisanato SI, Kim YI. Tea and health. Nutr Rev. 2000;58(1):1-10.
•Surh YJ, et al. Anti-tumor-promoting activities of selected pungent phenolic substances present in ginger. J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol. 1999;18(2):131-9.
•Westerterp-Plantenga MS, Lejeune MP, Kovacs EM. Body weight and weight maintenance in relation to habitual caffeine intake and green tea. Obes Res Jul 2005;13(7):1195-1204.
KeTrim® Natural is a comprehensive All Natural Fat Burner
Its wide array of natural herbs and extracts aid in decreasing Body Fat Naturally in a variety of ways. This High Quality Blend Assists in delivering long lasting energy while enhancing your bodies natural fat burning capabilities. KeTrim® Natural also aids in preventing fat accumulation in the midsection, healthy digestion and blood sugar regulation.
Although a healthy diet is always key to weight-loss, studies on ingredients found in KeTrim® Natural have been shown to reduce body weight with no change in diet. Get the natural edge you need to reach your weight-loss goals. Attack fat from every angle, with KeTrim® Natural! KeTrim is the perfect balance of repaid energy, fat oxidation and mood modulation available today.
Garcinia Cambogia (60% HCA) allows for more efficient fat burning by blocking dietary carbohydrates from being converted into fat. CLA which aids in blocking fat storing enzymes.
Green Coffee Bean Extract allows the body to keep blood sugar levels stable throughout the day.
Raspberry Ketones raises the body's internal temperature resulting in additional calories burned throughout the day.
Natural Caffeine works synergistically with the other all natural ingredients to dramatically aid in weight loss.
NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION :
Average Quantity Per Serve (4g in 400ml) Energy 10.5kJ (2.5 Cal) Protein 0g Fat - Total 0.5g Carbohydrate - Total 0g COMPOSITIONAL INFORMATION Caffeine 125mg Niacin 10mg Vitamin B6 1mg Vitamin B12 3mcg Pantothenic Acid 5mg CONTAINS CAFFEINE
Polydextrose, Food Acid (Citric Acid), High Linoleic Acid, Ricinenic Acid, Brindleberry Powder, Natural Caffeine Anhydrous, Green Coffee Bean Powder, Raspberry Ketone Powder, Bitter Orange Powder, Flavours, Sweetener (Erythritol), Food Acid (Malic Acid), Natural Sweetener (Stevia Extract), Anticaking Agent (Silicon Dioxide), Niacinamide, Calcium d-Pantothenate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Cyanocobalamin. May be present: Gluten Cereals, Milk, Soy, Peanuts, Tree Nuts and Eggs Serving Suggestion: Mix 1 Scoop (4g) with 250 - 400ml cold water, shake well and drink. Best taken once in the morning before a meal and/or 30 minutes before training Formulated Caffeinated Beverage: Not suitable for children under the age of 15, pregnant or lactating women. It should only be used under medical or dietetic supervision. Not suitable for individuals sensitive to caffeine.
how to use :
Mix 1/2 Scoop (4g) with cold water, shake well and drink. For optimal results, take once in the morning befor a meal and then again in the afternoon before a meal. Consume no more than 1 scoop (800ml) per day.
Always read the label in full before consuming. Excess consumptio may have a laxative effect.
Life 2U Powered Elements Of Life Superfood
WELCOME TO LIFE !
A major breakthrough in nutrition. Researched and Created by our own Dr. David. The ‘All in One’ Superfood you’ve been looking for and perfect companion to Cellfood.
Lovingly handcrafted and developed by Nutritionists, Naturopaths and Fitness Trainers, our unique formula combines Certified Organic pea protein with powerful superfoods like acai berry, chia seed, goji, kale, maca, quinoa, chlorella, green tea, cacao and more creating a delicious, creamy drink to start the day off right or for any time you feel like a nutritious energy boost.
Today’s modern diet is often missing nutritionally dense foods rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, proteins, essential fats and trace elements starving the body of building blocks essential to life. For this very reason, Life 2U was created! Our dedicated team of Health Professionals worked tirelessly in the formulation of Life 2U with you in mind. Our mission was to source and combine the ultimate blend of low allergy, powerful and nutritious ingredients truly resulting in a 'game changing' product. Our 'Elements of Life' Powder contains Certified Organic ingredients, whole foods and plant extracts, that have been selected for the highest quality and nutritional benefits. Most importantly, our formula contains no artificial ingredients, nasty fillers or added sugars and is Gluten Free.
No matter how busy your lifestyle is, you don't have to compromise your nutrition. Simply add to your favourite milk to make a delicious and creamy smoothie that tastes so good, it will fool even the kids! You can even enjoy Life 2U with just water or sprinkle over your favourite cereal to boost your nutritional intake.
Good for the whole family, delicious and convenient, Life 2U is honest, wholesome nutrition on the go!
Suggested Daily Use :
For a delicious and creamy smoothie, dissolve 10 g (2 heaped teaspoons) into rice milk, almond milk or your favourite dairy product. For an earthy and wholesome drink, dissolve 10 g (2 heaped teaspoons) into water once a day. May also be sprinkled on cereal or added to your favourite food to enhance nutrition.
Manufactured in Australia from premium local and imported ingredients. (Certified Organic and/or pure, whole foods.) Manufactured & packed in a premises with an internationally recognised food safety program. HACCP and ISO 9001 quality assurance system (Certificate 1737) and FDA Registration.
100% Certified Organic Pea Protein, Pure Fine Amaranth Powder, Pure Fine Quinoa Powder, Apple Pectin, Inulin (prebiotic), Certified Organic Cacao, Pure Ground Chia Seed, Goji Berry, Certified Organic Acai Berry, Organic Kale, Certified Organic Chlorella, Grapeseed Extract (high OPC), Green Tea Extract (polyphenols), Maca Extract, Pure Fine Himalayan Salt, Pure Ground Cinnamon, Stevia (steviol glycosides), Aloe Vera Extract, Natural Vanilla Flavour
ATTACK PRE- WORKOUT AMLIFIER
Kodiak named our pre-workout Attack for good reason…it will have you hitting the iron with full intensity from the minute you step in the gym until you pump out your last rep. This isn’t your run of the mill pre-workout that over promises and under delivers. When we say Attack will give you intense energy, skin splitting pumps, and razor sharp focus WE MEAN IT. After all the proof is in the pudding. Take a close look at Attack’s label and you will find research validated, time tested ergogenic aids dosed at clinical levels combined with cutting edge compounds that will give the term total domination a whole new meaning. From top to bottom Attack is the most advanced, hardest hitting pre-workout packed with only the best ingredients such as:
• Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine – A nootropic compound that converts to both choline and cytidine upon ingestion which leads to improved focus and cognition.
• Caffeine Complex – Caffeine is one of the most clinically-supported ergogenic aids. Improves energy, focus, and power all without the typical caffeine crash
• Beta-Alanine ¬– Buffers blood acids to squeeze out more reps for better pumps and huge gains.
• Citrulline Malate – A dual-threat: Provides huge boosts to training volume with the metabolic intermediate malate and stimulates nitric oxide production with citrulline.
• L-Ornithine – Shown to decrease ammonia concentrations in the blood ultimately allowing you to exercise harder for longer.
We don’t need to tell you that a pre-workout can make or break your training session. Furthermore, nothing is more disappointing then spending your hard earned money on a product built on hype that doesn’t work. With Kodiak Attack you get everything you need to give you a pre-training advantage and nothing you don’t. Research backed, synergistic ingredients. Efficacious dosing. Innovative compounds. Attack is a game changer that will boost your workout performance and help you push your limits further than you have before.
ATTACK PERFORMANCE COMPLEX
Beta Alanine is an amino acid that is used to enhance muscular endurance. Reports of increased rep range are common. Also, the benefit is highly noticeable in moderate to high intensity cardio.
Beta-Alanine’s effectiveness comes through boosting the synthesis of carnosine. Carnosine acts as an intra muscular buffer to keep the pH from dipping too low during a workout. To keep muscular strength through a workout, you need to have your pH levels optimal. If they drop too low, you have significantly less strength and fatigue quicker.
Beta-Alinine synthesizes to carnosine which helps keep your pH levels in check by absorbing positive hydrogen molecules (H+) that are produced during periods of heavy exercise. By absorbing the H+ produced by strenuous exercise, your muscular pH levels are kept at an optimal level which will allow you to train harder and longer!
A recent meta-analysis confirmed the ergogenic effect of beta-alanine, showing a 2.85% increase in exercise performance compared to placebo when dosed at ~2/grams daily.
L-Tyrosine helps to activate metabolic pathways that produce the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine – which are typically produced during moments of stress on the body and provide a boost in the terms of a “fight or flight” scenario.
Epinephrine and norepinephrine are depleted quickly during these moments of stress due to a lack of L-Tyronsine.
The addition of this amino acid to Attack will help give you an extra PUSH and can make a big difference to help you FIGHT through your workouts and plateaus.
Hoffman et al. (2010) research results indicate that acute ingestion of supplement including L-tyrosine and anhydrous caffeine, can maintain reaction time, and subjective feelings of focus and alertness to both visual and auditory stimuli in healthy college students following exhaustive exercise.
Caffeine Complex (Caffeine Anhydrous, DiCaffeine Malate):
This blend of caffeine helps to provide effectively dosed stimulation for your training and not keep you up all night long.
It is also formulated to help fight that horrible crash you might experience with stimulated laden pre-workouts.
Multiple studies have confirmed can improve muscular endurance and power, focus and cognitive performance, and improve energy levels. Caffeine has also been shown to have a thermogenic effect (heating/calorie burning) at rest and may increase the use of fats for fuel during exercise.
Doherty and Smith performed a meta-analysis of caffeine’s effects on perceived exertion and found a 5.6% decrease in RPE (rating of perceived exhertion) during exercise. This means exercise may feel easier at higher effort levels when supplementing with caffeine.
Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine is a nootropic compound that converts to both choline and cytidine upon ingestion.
It helps to increase memory and cognitive function.
Studies have shown that it can also help increase attention.
McGlade et al. (2012) discovered women who supplemented with Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine for 28 days were able to significantly improve attention focus and attention inhibition compared to placebo.
Huperizine A is a selective inhibitor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which means it prevents the breakdown and increases the amount of acetylcholine; an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system involved in cognition and muscular contractions.
Multiple studies have shown that supplementation with Huperzine-A can enhance focus, memory and mood.
A study conducted by Sun et al. (1999) reported that subjects who supplemented with Huperzine A for 4 weeks improved learning performance and memory compared to a placebo group.
ATTACK VASODILATION COMPLEX
Citrulline Malate is a non-essential amino acid that eventually converts to nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is a vasodilator that can help to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow to both organs and muscles.
Studies have shown that Citrulline Malate enhances exercise tolerance by reducing levels of blood ammonia and lactate that are typically elevated during strenuous exercise.
This ingredient will allow you to train with less rest in between sets and elevate your endurance capacity.
A recent research study found individuals who consumed citrulline malate for 15 days were able to increase ATP production during exercise by 34% and improve phospho-creatine resynthesis after exercise by 20%.
Arginine is a semi-essential amino acid and is a chemical precursor to nitric oxide (a blood vessel-widening agent).
When Arginine enters the body it stimulates nitric oxide pathways. This process vasodilates (enlarges) blood vessels and helps deliver more of the much needed oxygen rich blood and nutrients to working muscles in order to achieve the pump and ultimately muscle growth.
Arginine also triggers the body to make protein and has been studied for healing wounds, bodybuilding, and preventing tissue degradation in people with critical illnesses.
A 2010 study conducted by Bailey et al. discovered supplemental arginine for 3 days was able to enhance nitric oxide production and decrease oxygen consumption (7%) while improving time to exhaustion by 25% in otherwise healthy men.
Ornithine when bound by salt at the molecular level to Orotate (orotic acid) is much more bio-available than in its HCL or free form.
Ornithine Works in synergy with Arginine in the metabolism of waste caused by intense exercise.
By increasing Nitric Oxide production and decreasing waste – you are able to train longer and support greater results.
A 2008 study conducted by Sugino et al. discovered supplementation with ornithine was able to reduce perceptions of fatigue to 52% of placebo on a prolonged endurance test and was able to reduce ammonia accrual during exercise.
Beta Vulgaris, also known as the common beet, has been shown to significantly reduce blood pressure. With this ingredient in Attack, you can get a pump while lowering your blood pressure!
Beet has also been shown to lower the oxygen cost of exercise and improve exercise tolerance.
Lansley et al. (2011) found beet supplementation resulted an in mean power increase of 5%. Other studies have also shown supplementation with beet can improve time trial performance by 3-15%.
While not illegal, some of the ingredients found in this product could lead to a false positive drug test and may also be banned by WADA or other professional organizations such as the NCAA. If you are a professional, college, or amateur athlete whose given sports conduct in and out of competition random drug screens is it highly recommended you check with the appropriate person before taking this product.
High Intensity Pre-Workout
PRE-WORKOUT PERFORMANCE FORMULA
The next generation of R1 Pre Train has arrived – and it’s more powerful than ever. Get pumped for Nitrosigine®, Citrulline, and Agmatine, Jacked by Infinergy™, Theobromine, and TeaCrine®, and keep the party going longer with CarnoSyn® and Betaine. You’ll be hard pressed to find more stacked pre-workout than this. With full panel transparency it’s easy to compare for yourself. *
ZERO Banned Substances
ZERO Added Sugar
R1 PRE TRAIN BETTER INPUTS
PRE-WORKOUT PERFORMANCE FORMULA
*Powerful pre-workout concentrate
*CarnoSyn® beta-alanine and betaine for building and endurance
*Multi-source caffeine, Theacrine, and Choline for energy and focus
*Pump support from Nitrosigine®, Citrulline and Agmatine Sulfate
Full Label Transparency
Carefully blended and packaged in an NSF GMP facility in the USA
* Per Serving u Amino acids are naturally occurring and approximated.